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Scottsdale 2019 Institute Faculty
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Carl Botterud is a lawyer, mediator and workplace investigator. In his role as counsel, Mr. Botterud represents institutional, business and individual clients, both plaintiffs and defendants in the area of civil, business, civil rights and employment litigation. He has more than twenty years experience as a litigator in the areas of employment, discrimination, disability, wage-hour, wrongful termination, trade secrets, contract disputes, higher education and professional negligence. As a mediator, Mr. Botterud serves as a neutral helping parties find resolution in a broad gamut of civil litigation and workplace disputes. As a workplace investigator, Mr. Botterud provides employers and their regular counsel with services to assist them in meeting their obligation to provide prompt, thorough and impartial investigations in response to employee concerns. This helps employers manage risk by providing a safe and responsive workplace in compliance with applicable law. In the fall of 2013, Mr. Botterud returned to Ritt, Tai, Thvedt & Hodges, the firm he helped steward as a partner from 2000 to 2005, where he is serving his clients and colleagues as an advocate, counselor, mediator and independent investigator.

Christopher Boucher, AWI-CH is an attorney with Wiley Price & Radulovich, LLP, and his practice focuses on labor and employment law. His expertise includes representing employers in a union environment, including labor negotiations, changes to existing terms and conditions of employment and/or the effects of those changes, and the meaning and application of labor contract provisions. He also serves as trusted counsel to employers throughout California regarding workplace investigations, employee discipline, due process, and grievance procedure issues. In addition to his advocacy skills, Christopher has successfully utilized his mediation training to achieve settlements on labor and employment matters. As an experienced workplace investigator, Mr. Boucher has conducted investigations related to workplace misconduct, sexual harassment, race discrimination, retaliation, sexual orientation harassment, theft, fraud, favoritism, misconduct, and abusive conduct. He is also a frequent speaker at a variety of conferences on labor and employment law topics, including legal updates and keynotes.  Prior to joining the firm, Christopher spent over a decade as a seasoned human resources executive with a broad spectrum of industry experience, including municipalities, public utilities, aviation, maritime, special districts, K-12 as well as higher education. Most notably, Christopher served as the Port of Oakland's Director of Human Resources from 2014 to 2018, where he directed the Port's human resources, labor relations, benefits, EEO, leaves and disability compliance, occupational health and safety, and workers' compensation functions. In recognition of his accomplishments, Christopher was featured as one of 2016’s national “Top Five Rising Stars” by Human Resource Executive magazine.

Stacey Caplan, AWI-CH brings over 20 years in-house legal experience with a passion for human rights to emphasize a work culture of care, respect, accountability and trust. Her current global role oversees Employee Relations and HR Compliance best practices for 87,000 employees in over 130 countries. She is responsible for establishing global HR Compliance policies and best practices to help employees understand and model appropriate behaviors to support a positive, engaged work environment. She is known for fair and objective workplace investigations, her candid personality, and her ability to resolve issues effectively and efficiently as a compassionate listener, investigator, collaborator and thought leader.

Maria Infanger is currently a Senior EEO Investigator for Lockheed Martin. Ms. Infanger conducts internal investigations of varying complexity involving allegations of discrimination, harassment, retaliation, other workplace misconduct, and violations of policy.  Prior to her employment as an EEO Investigator, Ms. Infanger was an attorney for the United States Postal Service for almost 30 years where she practiced in a variety of areas, including many years litigating and providing advice in labor and employment matters.  Also, during her time as an attorney at the Postal Service, Ms. Infanger provided training on a variety of topics to other attorneys and clients. Ms. Infanger received her J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of Law and is a member of the DC Bar. Ms. Infanger is a member of the Association of Workplace Investigators and successfully completed AWI’s 2017 Training Institute for Workplace Investigators in Baltimore, Maryland. Ms. Infanger was born and raised in Chicago, Illinois and currently resides with her husband in the DC metropolitan area.

Karen Kramer is an employment law attorney specializing in workplace investigations. Since forming her own law firm in 2000, Ms. Kramer’s practice has focused primarily on conducting personnel investigations involving allegations of discrimination, harassment and retaliation, as well as misconduct and disciplinary matters. She previously litigated employment law matters with Porter Scott and worked as an employment law attorney with LexisNexis. Ms. Kramer’s experience includes testifying during administrative and judicial proceedings regarding completed investigations. Ms. Kramer has conducted hundreds of workplace investigations for public agencies, and is well versed in the Public Safety Officers Procedural Bill of Rights and the Firefighters Procedural Bill of Rights. She has also conducted many complex and high profile investigations involving high level public employees and elected officials. Ms. Kramer is currently the Vice President of AWI.

Lynn D. Lieber, AWI-CH has practiced employment law exclusively on the management side for 25 years. She began her legal career in San Francisco at Littler, the renowned leader in the field of employment law. She later moved to Fisher & Phillips LLP, where she became an equity partner in 1995. Ms. Lieber was the founder and CEO of Workplace Answers, a full-service employment law training company specializing in web-based training solutions. Under her decade-long direction, Workplace Answers trained millions of employees around the globe in preventive employment practices. Ms. Lieber sold Workplace Answers in 2010, and now engages in her true passion–workplace investigations, and in-person training of employees and supervisors. She regularly counsels employers on employment-law related matters and assists them in policy and procedure development, and review. Ms. Lieber has represented hundreds of private and public entities in harassment and discrimination charges, and litigation. She has testified as an expert witness in unlawful harassment matters, and frequently conducts “remedial/sensitivity” training for employees, supervisors and executives who have been accused of workplace wrongdoing. She graduated Cum Laude from the University of the Pacific in California. She earned a J.D. from Santa Clara University School of Law, where she served as the technical editor of the Computer and High Technology Law Journal.

Michelle Regalia McGrath, AWI-CH, is a California attorney who devotes her practice to conducting workplace investigations and Title IX investigations. Ms. McGrath is dedicated to providing meticulous investigative services with integrity. She considers her years of experience as an employment lawyer in private practice, and then as in-house employment counsel for the U.S. Postal Service (Pacific Area), important building blocks for her work as an independent investigator. During her tenure as in-house employment counsel at the U.S. Postal Service, Ms. McGrath was recognized for her skillful representation on highly sensitive and complex employment matters. Her prior employment law work encompassed all aspects of litigation, advice and conducting training. Ms. McGrath is also a trained mediator and has conducted mediations for the EEOC in San Francisco. Ms. McGrath considers her extensive training as a mediator and investigator key to the successful transition from advocate to neutral. The depth and breadth of Ms. McGrath’s professional experience and training, in addition to her personable demeanor, enable her to effectively build rapport with witnesses and elicit key information so that important questions can be answered.  Equipped with her thorough reports, and with the advice of their legal counsel, employers are able to make well-informed employment decisions. Ms. McGrath speaks and teaches on the topic of workplace investigations and is experienced testifying in deposition about her own investigations.  She is also available as an expert witness to testify regarding the adequacy of an investigation and related matters. Ms. McGrath was honored to serve as Part-Time Faculty at the AWI National Training Institute in January 2018 and to have been selected to serve as Full-Time Faculty at the AWI National Training Institute in November 2019. Ms. McGrath is a graduate of the Association of Workplace Investigators’ National Training Institute and is an AWI Certificate Holder (AWI-CH). She is a Magna Cum Laude graduate of Boston College (1994) and a graduate of Santa Clara University School of Law (1998). She resides in the San Francisco Bay Area.     

Cate Moss, AWI-CH is the National Human Rights Coordinator for Unifor Local 2002, the second largest local of Unifor - The Union, Canada’s largest private sector union.  She has been employed by Air Canada for 33 years and has 28 years’ experience as a Union Representative, 13 of which are in her current position with Local 2002. Cate represents approximately 14,000 employees Canada-wide in 26 different companies, including Air Canada, Jazz Aviation, First Air, Canadian North, Ornge, Greater Toronto Airport Authority (GTAA) and the Hilton Saint John on matters related to human rights.  Cate’s role is primarily two-fold; as a workplace investigator for the Union, jointly conducting investigations with the appointed management investigator, and as a trainer specializing in developing and delivering training on respect in the workplace, human rights, harassment investigations and conflict resolution for both her local union and the national office of Unifor. Cate is a CEGEP graduate in social sciences, psychology and sociology, and has completed the CLC Collaborative Labour Course Design training (2011) and the Association of Workplace Investigators Institute in Mystic, Connecticut (2015), receiving her accreditation for the AWI Certificate program in early 2017. Born and raised in Montreal, Cate is fluently bilingual in English and French. 

Michael A. Robbins, AWI-CH is President of EXTTI Incorporated—a company he founded 20 years ago. EXTTI provides Expert Testimony, Training and Investigation services in employment matters. Michael has conducted and/or supervised well over 500 workplace investigations.  He has served as an expert witness in over 600 employment cases—primarily on workplace investigation issues.  Also, he has served as a Consent Decree Monitor in Federal District Court. Prior to forming EXTTI, he was a labor & employment attorney for 20 years, including four years as in-house counsel and 16 years in two nationally recognized law firms. Mr. Robbins graduated Phi Beta Kappa from San Diego State University and received his JD degree from UCLA School of Law. He is a Past President of the Association of Workplace Investigators (AWI), a Past Chair of the Los Angeles County Bar Association’s Labor & Employment Section and a member of the California Lawyers Association Labor & Employment Executive Committee.

Christina J. Ro-Connolly, AWI-CH, is a senior associate attorney with over a decade of labor and employment law experience. Tina joins the Law Offices of Amy Oppenheimer after serving for 11 years at the Contra Costa County Counsel’s Office, advising departments on legal matters for a workforce of approximately 9,000 employees. Such legal matters included employee discipline, employee complaints, discrimination complaints, wage and hour complaints, alleged labor violations, and labor negotiations. During her tenure, Tina handled numerous mediations and administrative hearings, the latter of which included contractual arbitrations, civil service appeals, and hearings before the Public Employment Relations Board. Tina also has extensive experience advising public safety departments, such as the Office of the Sheriff and the Probation Department. In addition, Tina conducted sexual harassment prevention trainings and workplace investigation trainings. Tina received her Juris Doctor from Loyola Law School, where she served on the Entertainment Law Review and was on the Dean’s List, and received her Bachelor of Arts from the University of California, San Diego.

Andrea Kelly Smethurst, AWI-CH has conducted hundreds of investigations for both public and private employers in response to employee complaints of harassment, discrimination, retaliation, bullying, and alleged misconduct. Andrea also serves as an expert on workplace investigations, training, and other employment-related matters. Andrea has served as an Equal Employment Opportunity Monitor and Decree Monitor for employers required to implement a monitoring program. As a monitor, Andrea has overseen employer compliance with harassment and discrimination training requirements, developed complaint procedure policies and procedures, and overseen employer response and investigation of employee complaints. Andrea has trained supervisors, human resource professionals and employment attorneys through various organizations including the State Bar of California, the Bar Association of San Francisco, the Association of Workplace Investigators, the Practising Law Institute, the Northern California Human Resources Association, the Council on Education in Management, the Contra Costa County Bar Association (CCCBA), Northern California Employers’ Roundtable, and the California Employers’ Advisory Council. Her articles have been published in the California Labor & Employment Law Review (an official publication of the State Bar of California), the California Business Law Practitioner, the Contra Costa Lawyer, and in the HR Bulletin. Before forming her firm, Andrea was associated as an employment attorney with Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton and Dillingham & Murphy. At these firms, she represented employers in court, and provided advice and counsel on employment matters.

Alexander M. Sperry, AWI-CH has dedicated his career to providing labor and employment law counseling, training, and investigative and litigation services to public and private employers. Today, Mr. Sperry focuses primarily on conducting workplace investigations and training employers and employees on best practices. He is a frequent lecturer on workplace-related issues. In particular, he has studied and lectured on ethical issues in employment, including presenting “Workplace Ethics: Your Responsibilities” training to multiple groups. Mr. Sperry co-authored Applying the California Supreme Court "Mixed Motive" Analysis in Workplace Discrimination Investigations, published in the July, 2013 AWI Journal. He also presented the AWI Webinar The Attorney Investigator: Avoiding Ethical Missteps in January 2014, and the Electronic Data session at the AWI Institute in February 2014. Mr. Sperry is an active member of the Association of Workplace Investigators, Inc.

Vida L. Thomas has conducted workplace investigations for 23 years.  She serves as Of Counsel to the Labor and Employment Group of Weintraub Tobin in Sacramento, California. An AV-rated attorney, Ms. Thomas heads up her firm’s workplace investigations unit. As the Co-Chair of the Association of Workplace Investigators (AWI) Committee on Guiding Principles, Ms. Thomas helped develop AWI’s Guiding Principles framework for workplace investigations. She advises employers regarding all aspects of employment law and human resources management, serves as an expert witness in state and federal employment lawsuits, and mediates litigation and non-litigation matters. Ms. Thomas has conducted scores of workplace investigations for private and public employers, and is experienced in complying with California’s Public Safety Officers Procedural Bill of Rights and Firefighters Procedural Bill of Rights. She has considerable experience investigating matters within a union setting and is particularly adept at investigating complex matters involving high-profile employers and individuals. Ms. Thomas has been qualified as an expert on investigations in federal court and frequently trains attorneys, human resources and EEO professionals on how to conduct legally effective workplace investigations. She routinely conducts sexual harassment prevention training for state agencies and private companies. Ms. Thomas is a graduate of the 2015 AWI Institute in Mystic, Connecticut.

Susan Woolley, AWI-CH has practiced law for 25 years and has extensive experience with discrimination and workplace investigations. She served as the Director of Investigations for court-appointed Civil Rights Monitor in the landmark settlements in the Denny's race discrimination litigation, assembling and supervising a team of investigators which conducted workplace investigations in 49 states. She has since served as an expert and consultant in the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, and private corporations to design, implement, and monitor departments to investigate and remediate race discrimination. The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors appointed her to the County Equity Oversight Panel which reviews and evaluates workplace investigations conducted countywide by the County's staff of over 15 EEO investigators. Ms. Woolley conducts workplace investigations of discrimination, harassment, and retaliation for government entities and private businesses. Prior to specializing in investigations, Ms. Woolley worked on complex business and civil rights litigation. Ms. Woolley is an adjunct professor at Loyola Law School, where she teaches Fact Investigation with Keith Rohman. She practices law and conducts investigations from her office in Pasadena. Ms. Woolley graduated from Stanford Law School and clerked at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California. She was a Skadden Fellow. Ms. Woolley is a member of the Board of Directors of AWI and currently serves as the Editor of the AWI Journal.